The History of DNA Discovery

Gregor Mendel's Experiments

In the 19th century, Gregor Mendel conducted pioneering experiments with pea plants, laying the foundation for our understanding of heredity. His work revealed the principles of inheritance and set the stage for future DNA research.

The Discovery of DNA Structure

In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick made a historic breakthrough when they elucidated the structure of DNA as a double helix. This iconic model revolutionized biology and earned them the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962.

Rosalind Franklin's Contribution

Rosalind Franklin's X-ray diffraction images provided crucial insights into the structure of DNA. Despite not receiving due recognition during her lifetime, her work was instrumental in Watson and Crick's discovery.

The Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project, launched in 1990, aimed to map and sequence the entire human genome. This monumental endeavor paved the way for advancements in genetics, medicine, and biotechnology.

DNA Technology and Beyond

Since the discovery of DNA structure, advances in technology have revolutionized DNA research. From PCR to CRISPR-Cas9, these tools have expanded our understanding of DNA and its role in health and disease.

From Mendel's peas to CRISPR-Cas9, the quest to unravel the code of life continues, promising new discoveries and innovations for generations to come.